Correction to: Global pattern in hunger and educational opportunity: a multilevel analysis of child hunger and TIMSS mathematics achievement
Large-scale Assessments in Education volume 11, Article number: 15 (2023)
Following publication of the original article Canbolat, 2023, the authors identified that Abstract was missing in the article. The abstract of the article is given below:
In low-income countries, there exists a common concern about the effect of hunger and food insecurity on educational outcomes. However, income inequalities, economic slowdown, conflict, and climate change have raised those concerns globally. Yet, little is known about how widespread the problem of hunger in schools is worldwide. This study examines child hunger and student achievement internationally, using data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2019. To examine the relationship between hunger and student achievement, we fitted multilevel models to the data and controlled for student SES, class SES, teacher experience, and teacher educational attainment. The results suggest that hunger among students is not exclusive to low-income countries. Instead, child hunger is a common issue around the world, affecting about one-third of children and exacerbating unequal education opportunities globally. Controlling for other variables, the achievement gap between students who never come to school hungry and those who come to school always or almost always hungry is significant and deserves our attention. A clear policy recommendation from our results suggests that all countries that participated in TIMSS need to examine their school meal programs and explore ways to feed the students who show up to school hungry.
The original paper has now been corrected.
Canbolat, Y., Rutkowski, D. & Rutkowski, L. Global pattern in hunger and educational opportunity: a multilevel analysis of child hunger and TIMSS mathematics achievement. Large-scale Assess Educ 11, 13 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40536-023-00161-z
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The online version of the original article can be found at https://doi.org/10.1186/s40536-023-00161-z
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Canbolat, Y., Rutkowski, D. & Rutkowski, L. Correction to: Global pattern in hunger and educational opportunity: a multilevel analysis of child hunger and TIMSS mathematics achievement. Large-scale Assess Educ 11, 15 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40536-023-00163-x