Skip to main content

Table 7 Correlation between student test-taking effort and student achievement in science

From: Student test-taking effort in low-stakes assessments: evidence from the English version of the PISA 2015 science test

Country Correlation between effort and achievement
Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4
\(\widehat{\uprho }\) SE \(\widehat{\uprho }\) SE \(\widehat{\uprho }\) SE \(\widehat{\uprho }\) SE
AUS 0.42 0.02 0.55 0.01 0.53 0.01 0.59 0.01
CAN 0.39 0.02 0.44 0.02 0.50 0.02 0.55 0.01
GBR 0.41 0.02 0.52 0.02 0.53 0.02 0.59 0.02
IRL 0.37 0.02 0.44 0.02 0.45 0.02 0.50 0.02
NZL 0.40 0.02 0.51 0.02 0.51 0.02 0.59 0.02
USA 0.37 0.02 0.49 0.02 0.44 0.02 0.55 0.02