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Table 1 Original items in English, their adapted versions in Turkish, and back-translations of the adapted items to English

From: Comparability of teachers’ educational background items in TIMSS: a case from Turkey

  Original item Item adapted to Turkish Item back-translated to English
2007 During your < post-secondary > education, what was your major or main area(s) of study? Yüksek öğreniminizde hangi alanda eğitim aldınız? During your post-secondary education, which field did you receive education in?
2011 During your < post-secondary > education, what was your major or main area(s) of study? Yüksek öğreniminizde hangi anadal ya da alanlarda eğitim aldınız? During your post-secondary education, which major or fields did you receive education in?