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Table 3 Random effects estimates in hierarchical model

From: Classroom, media and church: explaining the achievement differences in civic knowledge in the bilingual school system of Estonia

  Dependent variable: CCK score
(2) (3) (5) (6)
ITLANG 51.95*** 49.20*** 48.12*** 40.42***
  (4.63) (4.36) (4.31) (4.02)
Changed learning paradigm
 OPDISC   6.88*** 6.83*** 9.79***
   (1.30) (1.30) (2.31)
Trust in classical media (Completely = ref)
 TRUST_C (Quite a lot)    13.48** 12.56**
    (5.71) (5.37)
 TRUST_C (A little)    13.24** 11.52**
    (5.87) (5.52)
 TRUST_C (Not at all)    5.60 0.32
    (7.41) (6.98)
Trust in social media (Completely = ref)
 TRUST_SM (Quite a lot)    12.83** 10.26*
    (5.79) (5.45)
 TRUST_C (A little)    19.18*** 16.38***
    (5.70) (5.36)
 TRUST_C (Not at all)    21.35*** 16.28***
    (6.62) (6.24)
Influence of the religion in the society
 RELINF    − 23.33*** − 23.25***
    (1.21) (1.21)
Interaction ITLANG and OPDISC
 Interaction1     − 3.51
     (2.68)
Controls
 Student characteristics Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Student involvement No Yes Yes Yes
 Observations 2,857 2,857 2,857 2,857
  1. *p \(<\) 0.1; **p \(<\) 0.05; ***p \(<\) 0.01. Fit statistics are revealed in Appendix 3