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Table 8 Testing measurement invariance between Switzerland and Germany for ICT Usage scales

From: ICT Engagement: a new construct and its assessment in PISA 2015

 χ2adfCFIΔCFIRMSEAΔχ2bΔdfp
M2a Configural invariance (free loadings and thresholds)10,0635160.9420.058
M2b Scalar invariance (fixed loadings and thresholds)10,8506080.9380.0040.055131992< .001
  1. aThe interpretation of χ2-values is not meaningful because the WLSMV estimator for categorical indicators was used. Therefore, the model-comparison test implemented in Mplus software (DIFFTEST) was used
  2. 2 These values refer to corrected χ2 values, provided in the output of the DIFFTEST implemented in Mplus