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Table 2 The number of Korean and Finnish students for each response to the five questions

From: Relationships among locus of control, learned helpless, and mathematical literacy in PISA 2012: focus on Korea and Finland

  Variable Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Total valid cases
Finland Learned helplessness 198 (7.1%) 619 (22.2%) 1363 (48.9%) 609 (21.8%)
Effort 1066 (37.9%) 1491 (53.0%) 226 (8.0%) 29 (1.0%) 2812
Ability 396 (14.2%) 1222 (43.8%) 839 (30.1%) 332 (11.9%) 2789
Task difficulty 542 (19.5%) 1413 (50.9%) 634 (23.1%) 180 (6.5%) 2778
Luck 346 (12.4%) 936 (33.6%) 951 (34.1%) 553 (19.8%) 2786
Korea Learned helplessness 171 (10.2%) 537 (31.9%) 721 (42.9%) 252 (15.0%)
Effort 545 (32.4%) 919 (54.6%) 180 (10.7%) 40 (2.4%) 1684
Ability 213 (12.7%) 611 (36.3%) 661 (39.3%) 196 (11.7%) 1681
Task difficulty 182 (10.9%) 649 (31.9%) 607 (36.2%) 239 (14.3%) 1677
Luck 206 (12.3%) 461 (27.5%) 611 (36.4%) 401 (23.9%) 1679