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Table 1 Five questions for learned helplessness and locus of control

From: Relationships among locus of control, learned helpless, and mathematical literacy in PISA 2012: focus on Korea and Finland

PISA variable Variable code Question Coding
ST42Q08 Learned helplessness Y I feel helplessness when doing mathematics problem 1 Strongly agree
2 Agree
3 Disagree
4 Strongly disagree
ST43Q01 Effort X3 If I put in enough effort I can succeed in mathematics
ST44Q01 Ability X1 I’m not very good at solving mathematics problems
ST44Q04 Task difficulty X2 Sometimes the course material is too hard
ST44Q06 Luck X4 Sometimes I am just unlucky