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Table 4 Meta regression coefficients for mathematics literacy, science literacy and reading

From: Sex differences in variability across nations in reading, mathematics and science: a meta-analytic extension of Baye and Monseur (2016)

Covariate B
Mathematics Science Reading
Intercept 4.842* (0.694/8.990) − 1.264 (− 5.135/2.606) 1.278 (− 4.146/6.701)
Test: TIMSS − 0.047*** (− 0.061/− 0.033) − 0.004 (− 0.025/0.017)
Test: TIMSS ADVANCED 0.011 (− 0.066/0.043)
Test: PIRLS − 0.045*** (− 0.068/− 0.022)
Year 0.002* (− 0.0040/− 0.0003) 0.001 (− 0.001/0.002) − 0.001 (− 0.003/0.002)
Grade 0.004 (− 0.0002/0.0080)
GGGI economic participation − 0.166** (− 0.244/− 0.088) − 0.197*** (− 0.270/− 0.125) − 0.142** (− 0.247/− 0.036)
GGGI educational attainment 0.313** (0.070/0.556) 0.344*** (0.159/0.528) − 0.131 (− 0.557/0.294)
GGGI health − 0.396 (− 1.03/0.236) − 0.118 (− 0.690/0.454) − 0.050 (− 0.813/0.712)
GGGI political empowerment − 0.063 (− 0.126/0.001) − 0.024 (− 0.081/0.033) − 0.077* (− 0.148/− 0.005)
HDI expected years of schooling 0.004 (− 0.002/0.010) 0.004 (− 0.001/0.010) 0.004 (− 0.003/0.011)
HDI mean years of schooling 0.003 (− 0.002/0.008) − 0.002 (− 0.006/0.002) − 0.001 (− 0.007/0.005)
HDI life expectancy 0.001 (− 0.001/0.004) 0.001 (− 0.001/0.003) 0.002 (− 0.0004/0.0048)
HDI GNI 6.32E−07** (2.62E−07/1E−06) 8.78E−06*** (5.4E−06/1.22E−5) 1.32E−06 (3.6E−06/6.2E−06)
Hedges g − 0.235** (− 0.289/− 0.181) − 0.279*** (− 0.328/− 0.231) − 0.345*** (− 0.403/− 0.287)
Country mean score 0.0001 (− 0.0001/0.0002) 0.0003*** (0.0001/0.0004) 0.0004*** (0.0002/0.0005)
OECD membership − 0.022 (− 0.0438/0.0002) − 0.015 (− 0.035/0.005) − 0.013 (− 0.041/0.014)
Model R2 0.31 0.46 0.54
k 636 636 404
  1. *p < .05
  2. **p < .01
  3. ***p < .001