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Table 1 List of participating countries

From: The TIMSS 2019 Item Equivalence Study: examining mode effects for computer-based assessment and implications for measuring trends

Bulgaria (4) Japan (4 and 8) Qatar (4 and 8)
Chile (4) Korea, Rep. of (4 and 8) Russian Federation (4 and 8)
Croatia (4) Lithuania (4 and 8) Spain (4)
Czech Republic (4) Malaysia (8) Sweden (4 and 8)
Denmark (4) Morocco (4 and 8) Turkey (4)
Finland (4 and 8) Netherlands (4) United Arab Emirates (4 and 8)
France (4) Norway (4) United States (4 and 8)
Germany (4) Oman (4 and 8)  
Italy (4 and 8) Portugal (4)  
  1. Grade(s) of participation appear in parentheses
  2. Chile participated informally with a small sample of students at the fourth grade