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Table 3 Country-level regressions of internal homogeneity on education system characteristics

From: Measuring the signaling value of educational degrees: secondary education systems and the internal homogeneity of educational groups

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
Between-school resource inequality − 0.441* (0.156)        − 0.295 (0.193)
External differentiation (tracking)   0.527* (0.211)     0.692+ (0.356)   0.631+ (0.337)
Vocational orientation    0.229 (0.230)    − 0.242 (0.341)   − 0.234 (0.288)
Standardization of input     − 0.382 (0.264)    − 0.392 (0.307) − 0.476* (0.205)
Standardization of output      − 0.293 (0.589)   − 0.353 (0.642) − 0.181 (0.498)
Intercept 0.000 (0.229) 0.000 (0.222) 0.000 (0.253) 0.000 (0.245) 0.196 (0.442) 0.000 (0.235) 0.236 (0.501) 0.121 (0.390)
N 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18
R2 0.196 0.280 0.053 0.147 0.016 0.314 0.173 0.614
R2 (adjusted) 0.147 0.236 − 0.003 0.096 − 0.043 0.223 0.064 0.451
  1. Heteroskedasticity-consistent (HC3) standard errors in parentheses.+ p < 0.1; * p < 0.05 (two-tailed tests)