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Table 2 Labour force participation and cognitive and non-cognitive skills

From: Personality, cognitive skills and life outcomes: evidence from the Polish follow-up study to PIAAC

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Numeracy   0.045    0.045 0.046 0.045
Conscientiousness    0.153**   0.157***   0.153**
Extraversion    − 0.014   − 0.011   − 0.011
Agreeableness    − 0.112*   − 0.114*   − 0.113*
Openness    0.035   0.032   0.033
Neuroticism    − 0.098***   − 0.097***   − 0.094***
Perseverance of effort     0.012   0.017 − 0.004
Consistency of interest     0.037   0.033 0.014
Observations 4454 4454 4454 4454 4454 4454 4454
R 2 0.285 0.287 0.298 0.287 0.300 0.289 0.300
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001. Control variables: age, age square, gender, years of education. Dependent variable, numeracy and non-cognitive skills are standardised. Full estimation results are presented in Additional file 3: Table S2