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Table 9 Differences in estimated standard deviations from the original scaling for mathematics for each the alternative conditioning approaches

From: On the use of rotated context questionnaires in conjunction with multilevel item response models

  Colombia Germany France Hong Kong SAR Jordan Norway Poland Russian federation United States
Common 0.3 −1.5 −0.5 0.3 0.4 −0.7 1.0 0.4 0.0
Samecorrjoint 0.3 −0.9 0.0 1.2 0.8 −1.1 0.7 0.1 −0.6
Samecorrsep −0.3 −1.3 0.3 1.7 2.6 0.5 1.3 0.4 −0.3
Hilocorrjoint 3.2 −0.7 1.2 0.6 1.4 −1.0 1.2 2.2 0.3
Hilocorrsep 2.8 −1.0 1.0 0.8 1.9 0.8 1.9 2.3 0.5
  1. Note: Standard errors of the originally estimated standard deviations in mathematics range from 1 to 3 PISA points.