Skip to main content

Table 10 Differences in estimated standard deviations from the original scaling for reading for each the alternative conditioning approaches

From: On the use of rotated context questionnaires in conjunction with multilevel item response models

  Colombia Germany France Hong Kong SAR Jordan Norway Poland Russian federation
Common −0.8 −2.4 −0.1 −1.6 0.7 −1.3 0.8 −1.7
Samecorrjoint 0.6 6.4 1.8 −0.8 1.2 0.5 2.0 −1.6
Samecorrsep 12.5 6.9 5.2 1.0 2.5 4.3 4.5 3.5
Hilocorrjoint 6.3 7.0 3.2 −0.6 2.8 1.7 3.5 1.2
Hilocorrsep 9.8 8.2 6.2 3.5 4.9 5.2 6.0 7.4
  1. Notes: Standard errors of the originally estimated standard deviations in reading range from 2 to 3 PISA points.
  2. Due to an error in the printing of booklets, no reading estimates were available for the United States in PISA 2006.