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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Investigating the associations of early numeracy activities and skills with mathematics dispositions, engagement, and achievement among fourth graders in the United Arab Emirates

  M SD Skewness Kurtosis
Gender 0.48 0.50 0.067 − 1.996
Immigration status 0.60 0.49 − 0.390 − 1.848
Language of test spoken at home 2.94 1.02 − 0.237 − 1.422
Home resources for learning 10.11 1.53 0.111 1.140
Parental attitude toward math and science 10.37 1.91 − 0.270 − 0.816
Students like learning math 10.32 1.74 − 0.225 − 0.379
Students confident in math 10.00 1.80 0.883 0.503
Students engaged in math lessons 10.12 2.07 − 0.230 − 0.600
Early numeracy activities 10.19 2.04 − 0.003 − 0.048
Could do early numeracy tasks 10.42 1.96 − 0.270 − 0.816
Math achievement 464.58 108.00 − 0.019 − 0.463