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Table 1 Technology-enhanced items and mathematical tools that were first used in the 2017 NAEP digitally-based operational mathematics assessments for Grades 4 and 8

From: Using process data to understand problem-solving strategies and processes for drag-and-drop items in a large-scale mathematics assessment

Item Type/Tool Description
Multiple-Selection Multiple-Choice This item type allows students to respond by selecting two or more choices that meet the condition stated in the stem of the item
Matching (Drag and Drop) This item type allows students to respond by inserting (dragging and dropping) one or more source element(s) into target fields
Zones This item type allows students to respond by selecting one or more region(s) on a graphic stimulus
Grid This item type allows students to evaluate mathematical statements or expressions with respect to certain properties. The answer is entered by selecting cells in a table in which rows typically correspond to the statement and columns to the properties checked
Inline Choice This item type allows students to respond by selecting one option from one or more drop-down menu(s) that might appear in various sections of an item
Interactive Ruler This tool allows students to use an on-screen ruler to measure lengths of virtual objects on the screen to answer a question
Digital Calculatora This tool allows students to use an on-screen calculator to perform operations needed to answer a question
Box and Whiskers This tool allows students to create or modify a graphical five-number summary (box plot) of a numerical data set
Digital Scratchpad This tool allows students to use their fingers or a stylus to perform computations, write notes, create hand drawings, annotate figures, highlight portions of a question, etc. on the touch-screen tablets
Equation Editor This tool allows students to respond by entering numbers and mathematical expressions or equations using an onscreen pallet. A customized version of the equation editor is provided at each of grades 4, 8, and 12
  1. aA digital four-function calculator was available for a selected set (approximately 1/3) of the items within one administration at Grade 4. A digital scientific calculator was available for a selected set (approximately 1/3) of the items within one administration at Grade 8 and Grade 12