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Table 1 Countries in the empirical analysis by tracking regime

From: Does early tracking affect learning inequalities? Revisiting difference-in-differences modeling strategies with international assessments

Countries Age of tracking Dummy tracking Countries Age of tracking Dummy tracking
Austria 10 1 Canada 18 0
Belgium 14 1 Denmark 16 0
Bulgaria 14 1 Latvia 16 0
France 15 1 Lithuania 16 0
Germany 10 1 New Zealand 16 0
Hungary 10 1 Norway 16 0
Israel 15 1 Poland 16 0
Italy 14 1 Romania 16 0
Luxembourg 12 1 Russian Fed 16 0
Netherlands 12 1 Spain 16 0
Slovakia 11 1 Sweden 16 0
Slovenia 15 1 USA 18 0
  1. Source: see Appendix A, Table 5
  2. Dummy tracking: = 1 if tracking occurs at age ≤ 15, 0 otherwise
  3. Alternative definition (see Robustness checks in Appendix B): Dummy tracking: = 1 if tracking at age ≤ 14, 0 otherwise