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Table 1 Ongoing evolution in assessment

From: Process data, the new frontier for assessment development: rich new soil or a quixotic quest?

  Past Present Future
Item development Labor intensive Labor intensive Automatized
Item types Generic Enhanced Real-life
Test design Static Semi-static Data-driven
Test assembly Labor intensive Semi-automatized Automatized
Accessibility Limited Universal design Adaptive
Timing Not measurable Measured Used
Pathways Not observable Observable Modeled
Validity Content/core-based Construct based Process based
Feedback Summative Summative Diagnostic
  1. Prepared by and used with permission from Ruhan Circi