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Table 6 Logistic Regression Predicting Low Literacy for LEO, PIAAC, and NEPS among all Adults

From: On the comparability of adults with low literacy across LEO, PIAAC, and NEPS. Methodological considerations and empirical evidence

Effect AME SE 95% p
LL UL
LEO
 Age 34–43 (Ref. 24–33) 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.005
 Age 44–53 (Ref. 24–33) 0.07 0.01 0.05 0.09  < 0.001
 Age 54–64 (Ref. 24–33) 0.08 0.01 0.06 0.11  < 0.001
 Male 0.07 0.01 0.05 0.09  < 0.001
 Non-German 0.17 0.02 0.13 0.21  < 0.001
 Medium educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.08 0.01 0.06 0.10  < 0.001
 Low educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.22 0.02 0.17 0.27  < 0.001
 No educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.50 0.04 0.41 0.58  < 0.001
 Unemployed (Ref. employed) 0.11 0.02 0.07 0.16  < 0.001
 Other employment status (Ref. employed) 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.001
PIAAC
 Age 34–43 (Ref. 24–33) 0.02 0.02 − 0.02 0.06 0.270
 Age 44–53 (Ref. 24–33) 0.10 0.02 0.05 0.14  < 0.001
 Age 54–64 (Ref. 24–33) 0.12 0.02 0.07 0.17  < 0.001
 Male 0.01 0.02 − 0.02 0.05 0.415
 Non-German 0.18 0.03 0.12 0.24  < 0.001
 Medium educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.13 0.01 0.11 0.16  < 0.001
 Low educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.32 0.04 0.23 0.41  < 0.001
 No educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.60 0.07 0.46 0.74  < 00.001
 Unemployed (Ref. employed) 0.10 0.03 0.03 0.17 0.005
 Other employment status (Ref. employed) 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.037
NEPS
 Age 34–43 (Ref. 24–33) 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.007
 Age 44–53 (Ref. 24–33) 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.05  < 0.001
 Age 54–64 (Ref. 24–33) 0.10 0.01 0.08 0.12  < 0.001
 Male 0.04 0.01 0.03 0.05  < 0.001
 Non-German 0.09 0.01 0.07 0.11  < 0.001
 Medium educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.10 0.01 0.08 0.11  < 0.001
 Low educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.21 0.02 0.16 0.25  < 0.001
 No educational attainment (Ref. high) 0.44 0.07 0.31 0.58  < 0.001
 Unemployed (Ref. employed) 0.15 0.02 0.12 0.19  < 0.001
 Other employment status (Ref. employed) 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.07  < 0.001
  1. AME Average Marginal Effect; LL and UL indicate the lower and upper limits of a confidence interval, respectively