Skip to main content

Table 5 Probability of having repeated at least one school year

From: Early school entrance and middle-run academic performance in Mexico: evidence for 15-year-old students from the PISA test

  1 2 3 4 5 66 7
Early (d) 0.0770*** 0.0713*** 0.0724*** 0.0716*** 0.0728*** 0.0724*** 0.0727***
Male (d)   0.0456*** 0.0473*** 0.0461*** 0.0466*** 0.0319*** 0.0321***
City size dummies (4)   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mother educ. dummies (6)    Yes   Yes   Yes
Mother does not work (d)    − 0.0103   − 0.0112   − 0.0104
Computer at home (d)     − 0.0751*** − 0.0714***   − 0.0388***
Internet at home (d)     0.0202 0.0241   0.0255**
Private school (d)       − 0.1240*** − 0.1152***
Computers/student       − 0.1397*** − 0.1405***
Teachers with masters (%)       − 0.0674 − 0.0633
Students/teacher       − 0.0010* − 0.0010*
Class size       − 0.0033*** − 0.0033***
Shortage of material (index)       0.0004 − 0.0003
Shortage of staff (index)       − 0.0145 − 0.0142
Medium school (d)       − 0.0418 − 0.0419
Large school (d)       − 0.1965*** − 0.1879***
Observations 6199 6167 6150 6128 6111 5876 5824
F 50.97*** 14.53*** 8.03*** 19.6*** 10.8*** 14.15*** 8.89***
count R2 92.71 92.78 92.85 92.82 92.88 93.6 95.07
  1. Probit regressions. Marginal Effects
  2. ***.- 99% significance, **.- 95% significance, *.-90% significance