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Table 1 Variables used in the models

From: Family related variables effect on later educational outcome: a further geospatial analysis on TIMSS 2015 Finland

 NMinimumMaximum
Early skills in mathematics4562− 2.801.57
Parents’ highest level of education4551− 3.181.66
Number of books at home4733− 2.431.52
How parents value mathematics and science4665− 5.951.16
Valid N (listwise)4300