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Table 3 Overview of the analysis scheme

From: Predictors of individual performance changes related to item positions in PISA assessments

Model 2006 science 2009 reading 2012 mathematics
0 No covariates No covariates No covariates
1 Gender
SES
Language at home
Gender
SES
Language at home
Gender
SES
Language at home
2 Joy of science Joy of reading Mathematics interest
3 Joy of science
Effort
Mathematics interest
Effort
Perseverance