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Table 7 Finnish students’ probability to agree/disagree with learned helplessness by attribution

From: Relationships among locus of control, learned helpless, and mathematical literacy in PISA 2012: focus on Korea and Finland

  Learned helplessness
Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly agree Total
Positive Negative
Ability
Strongly disagree 0.59 0.37 0.04 0.01 0.05 0.95
Disagree 0.25 0.57 0.15 0.03 0.18 0.82
Agree 0.13 0.54 0.28 0.06 0.33 0.67
Strongly agree 0.03 0.27 0.48 0.21 0.69 0.01
Effort
Strongly disagree 0.13 0.53 0.27 0.07 0.34 0.66
Disagree 0.05 0.35 0.43 0.17 0.60 0.40
Agree 0.13 0.52 0.28 0.07 0.35 0.65
Strongly agree 0.39 0.50 0.09 0.02 0.11 0.89
Task difficulty
Strongly disagree 0.62 0.33 0.04 0.01 0.05 0.95
Disagree 0.29 0.54 0.15 0.03 0.18 0.82
Agree 0.17 0.53 0.25 0.06 0.30 0.70
Strongly agree 0.07 0.41 0.39 0.13 0.52 0.48
Luck
Strongly disagree 0.30 0.50 0.16 0.04 0.20 0.80
Disagree 0.20 0.50 0.24 0.06 0.30 0.70
Agree 0.19 0.50 0.24 0.06 0.30 0.90
Strongly agree 0.18 0.50 0.25 0.07 0.32 0.68
  1. P(Positive) = P(strongly agree) + P(agree) and P(Negative) = P(strongly disagree) + P(disagree)