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Table 3 Variance ratios, confidence intervals and heterogeneity statistics for countries in the domain of science literacy

From: Sex differences in variability across nations in reading, mathematics and science: a meta-analytic extension of Baye and Monseur (2016)

Country k VR LCI UCI P Q Q (p) Below 1 (sig) (%) Below 1 (nsig) (%) Above 1 (nsig) (%) Above 1 (sig) (%)
Albania 4 1.10 1.00 1.20 0.04 12.90 0.01 0.00 25.00 25.00 50.00
Algeria 3 0.96 0.92 1.01 0.09 0.41 0.81 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Argentina 6 1.07 1.02 1.12 0.01 6.32 0.28 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Armenia 7 1.08 1.03 1.13 0.00 13.97 0.03 0.00 14.29 28.57 57.14
Australia 20 1.17 1.14 1.19 0.00 40.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 95.00
Austria 13 1.12 1.07 1.16 0.00 32.55 0.00 0.00 7.69 30.77 61.54
Azerbaijan 2 0.99 0.94 1.05 0.72 0.12 0.72 0.00 50.00 50.00 0.00
Bahrain 7 1.45 1.38 1.52 0.00 13.03 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Belgium 21 1.12 1.10 1.15 0.00 29.35 0.08 0.00 0.00 28.57 71.43
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1.05 0.97 1.15 0.24 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Botswana 6 1.17 1.11 1.23 0.00 11.53 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Brazil 6 1.14 1.11 1.16 0.00 5.68 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Bulgaria 8 1.10 1.04 1.17 0.00 26.66 0.00 0.00 12.50 25.00 62.50
Canada 33 1.12 1.10 1.14 0.00 95.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.30 69.70
Chile 12 1.09 1.05 1.13 0.00 25.69 0.01 0.00 8.33 41.67 50.00
China 40 1.17 1.15 1.20 0.00 97.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.50 82.50
αTaipei 14 1.17 1.12 1.21 0.00 45.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 21.43 78.57
αMacao 5 1.18 1.11 1.26 0.00 9.70 0.05 0.00 0.00 20.00 80.00
αHong Kong 20 1.18 1.15 1.21 0.00 32.44 0.03 0.00 0.00 15.00 85.00
Colombia 8 1.14 1.10 1.19 0.00 17.30 0.02 0.00 0.00 12.50 87.50
Costa Rica 2 1.18 1.12 1.24 0.00 1.03 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Croatia 7 1.16 1.12 1.20 0.00 7.77 0.26 0.00 0.00 14.29 85.71
Cyprus 10 1.18 1.14 1.23 0.00 18.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 10.00 90.00
Czech Republic 16 1.08 1.03 1.12 0.00 52.46 0.00 6.25 0.00 50.00 43.75
Denmark 12 1.11 1.07 1.14 0.00 14.24 0.22 0.00 0.00 33.33 66.67
Dominican Republic 1 1.09 1.00 1.18 0.04 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Egypt 3 1.09 1.04 1.15 0.00 3.27 0.20 0.00 0.00 33.33 66.67
El Salvador 2 1.01 0.89 1.13 0.93 3.81 0.05 0.00 50.00 50.00 0.00
Estonia 5 1.09 1.01 1.19 0.03 20.90 0.00 0.00 20.00 20.00 60.00
Finland 11 1.17 1.14 1.21 0.00 14.33 0.16 0.00 0.00 18.18 81.82
France 9 1.15 1.10 1.21 0.00 23.92 0.00 0.00 11.11 0.00 88.89
Georgia 8 1.19 1.15 1.22 0.00 5.94 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Germany 12 1.08 1.05 1.11 0.00 10.86 0.46 0.00 0.00 58.33 41.67
Ghana 3 1.00 0.96 1.05 0.82 0.13 0.94 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Greece 10 1.16 1.10 1.23 0.00 34.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 80.00
Honduras 3 1.05 0.99 1.10 0.09 2.29 0.32 0.00 0.00 66.67 33.33
Hungary 20 1.08 1.06 1.11 0.00 29.51 0.06 0.00 10.00 50.00 40.00
Iceland 10 1.18 1.14 1.22 0.00 3.82 0.92 0.00 0.00 10.00 90.00
Indonesia 11 1.02 0.98 1.06 0.38 39.15 0.00 0.01 45.45 36.36 18.18
Iran 14 1.14 1.09 1.18 0.00 38.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 21.43 78.57
Ireland 14 1.15 1.11 1.18 0.00 20.91 0.08 0.00 0.00 21.43 78.57
Israel 12 1.21 1.13 1.29 0.00 71.99 0.00 0.00 8.33 16.67 75.00
Italy 16 1.12 1.07 1.16 0.00 103.27 0.00 0.00 6.25 43.75 50.00
Japan 20 1.18 1.15 1.21 0.00 40.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 90.00
Jordan 9 1.28 1.19 1.37 0.00 68.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.11 88.89
Kazakhstan 9 1.12 1.09 1.14 0.00 6.54 0.59 0.00 0.00 11.11 88.89
Korea 18 1.15 1.11 1.19 0.00 60.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 22.22 77.78
Kosovo 1 1.12 1.03 1.21 0.01 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Kuwait 7 1.32 1.19 1.47 0.00 62.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Latvia 14 1.15 1.11 1.19 0.00 22.47 0.05 0.00 0.00 28.57 71.43
Lebanon 5 1.09 1.04 1.15 0.00 6.92 0.14 0.00 0.00 40.00 60.00
Liechtenstein 2 1.28 1.00 1.63 0.05 0.01 0.93 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Lithuania 16 1.10 1.07 1.12 0.00 20.17 0.17 0.00 0.00 43.75 56.25
Luxembourg 6 1.17 1.13 1.21 0.00 4.47 0.48 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Macedonia 5 1.11 1.03 1.19 0.01 13.58 0.01 0.00 20.00 0.00 80.00
Malaysia 7 1.14 1.07 1.20 0.00 29.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 28.57 71.43
Malta 5 1.14 1.10 1.19 0.00 2.07 0.72 0.00 0.00 20.00 80.00
Mexico 6 1.13 1.10 1.16 0.00 13.11 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Moldova 4 1.04 1.00 1.09 0.04 1.68 0.64 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Mongolia 2 1.02 0.97 1.09 0.42 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Montenegro 4 1.13 1.06 1.20 0.00 6.80 0.08 0.00 0.00 25.00 75.00
Morocco 10 1.03 0.99 1.07 0.19 27.43 0.00 10.00 20.00 50.00 20.00
Netherlands 16 1.05 1.03 1.08 0.00 18.79 0.22 0.00 6.25 75.00 18.75
New Zealand 19 1.18 1.15 1.21 0.00 33.91 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Norway 19 1.14 1.10 1.17 0.00 35.81 0.01 0.00 0.00 26.32 73.68
Oman 6 1.29 1.20 1.39 0.00 50.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Palestine 3 1.18 1.09 1.28 0.00 7.52 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Peru 4 1.01 0.95 1.07 0.78 7.01 0.07 0.00 25.00 50.00 25.00
Philippines 3 1.07 0.98 1.17 0.15 9.46 0.01 0.01 33.33 33.33 33.33
Poland 9 1.18 1.15 1.22 0.00 5.65 0.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Portugal 13 1.12 1.08 1.17 0.00 30.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.77 69.23
Qatar 11 1.26 1.22 1.30 0.00 26.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Romania 13 1.07 1.03 1.11 0.00 37.19 0.00 0.00 23.08 30.77 46.15
Russia 18 1.10 1.07 1.14 0.00 40.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 44.44 55.56
Saudi Arabia 7 1.48 1.33 1.65 0.00 69.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Serbia 6 1.16 1.10 1.22 0.00 11.59 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Singapore 17 1.17 1.14 1.22 0.00 58.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.65 82.35
Slovak Republic 13 1.06 1.03 1.09 0.00 18.45 0.10 0.00 0.00 53.85 46.15
Slovenia 18 1.12 1.09 1.14 0.00 19.47 0.30 0.00 0.00 27.78 72.22
South Africa 6 1.07 1.02 1.13 0.01 21.61 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Spain 64 1.16 1.14 1.18 0.00 76.95 0.11 0.00 1.56 34.38 64.06
Sweden 16 1.10 1.06 1.13 0.00 32.81 0.04 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Switzerland 8 1.09 1.05 1.13 0.00 15.22 0.03 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Syria 3 1.07 1.02 1.12 0.01 1.05 0.59 0.00 0.00 66.67 33.33
Thailand 16 1.15 1.11 1.20 0.00 62.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 18.75 81.25
Trinidad and Tobago 2 1.12 1.06 1.20 0.00 1.14 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Tunisia 13 1.05 1.01 1.09 0.01 30.72 0.00 7.69 7.69 53.85 30.77
Turkey 12 1.10 1.07 1.14 0.00 22.77 0.02 0.00 0.00 41.67 58.33
Ukraine 3 1.20 1.15 1.27 0.00 1.68 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
UAE 20 1.34 1.29 1.38 0.00 90.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
United Kingdom 34 1.12 1.09 1.14 0.00 75.24 0.00 0.01 5.88 32.35 61.76
Englanda 14 1.14 1.09 1.19 0.00 34.10 0.00 0.00 7.14 28.57 64.29
Scotlanda 12 1.12 1.08 1.16 0.00 18.19 0.08 0.00 8.33 41.67 50.00
Northern Irelanda 3 1.10 1.03 1.18 0.00 2.81 0.25 0.00 0.00 33.33 66.67
United States 28 1.12 1.10 1.14 0.00 36.35 0.11 0.00 0.00 32.14 67.86
Uruguay 5 1.18 1.14 1.22 0.00 0.63 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Viet Nam 2 1.17 1.00 1.36 0.05 7.92 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Yemen 6 1.06 1.03 1.09 0.00 1.24 0.94 0.00 0.00 83.33 16.67
Overall 991 1.13 1.12 1.13 0.00 4701.03 0.00 0.30 3.43 27.75 68.52
  1. aNations of the UK administered separately/α Chinese districts administered separately