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Table 1 Variance ratios, confidence intervals and heterogeneity statistics for countries in the domain of mathematics literacy

From: Sex differences in variability across nations in reading, mathematics and science: a meta-analytic extension of Baye and Monseur (2016)

Country k VR LCI UCI p Q Q (p) Below 1 (sig) (%) Below 1 (nsig) (%) Above 1 (nsig) (%) Above 1 (sig) (%)
Albania 4 1.13 1.06 1.20 0.00 6.28 0.10 0.00 0.00 25.00 75.00
Algeria 3 0.96 0.92 1.01 0.10 1.25 0.53 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
Argentina 9 1.12 1.02 1.23 0.01 69.53 0.00 0.00 33.30 11.10 55.60
Armenia 7 1.09 1.03 1.16 0.00 20.16 0.00 0.00 14.30 14.30 71.43
Australia 21 1.13 1.09 1.16 0.00 87.27 0.00 0.00 4.80 28.56 66.64
Austria 14 1.09 1.05 1.14 0.00 42.49 0.00 7.14 0.00 42.85 50.01
Azerbaijan 3 1.14 0.99 1.31 0.07 20.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.30 66.70
Bahrain 6 1.40 1.33 1.48 0.00 11.55 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Belgium 19 1.10 1.07 1.13 0.00 56.95 0.00 5.26 0.00 47.37 47.37
Bosnia/Herzegovina 1 1.06 0.97 1.15 0.20 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Botswana 5 1.13 1.06 1.20 0.00 11.91 0.02 0.00 0.00 20.00 80.00
Brazil 6 1.11 1.06 1.16 0.00 12.29 0.03 0.00 0.00 16.70 83.30
Bulgaria 9 1.12 1.06 1.17 0.00 20.53 0.01 0.00 0.00 44.40 55.60
Canada 36 1.10 1.07 1.13 0.00 161.38 0.00 0.00 0.00 44.45 55.55
Chile 11 1.10 1.07 1.14 0.00 23.15 0.01 0.00 9.10 18.20 72.70
China 38 1.17 1.14 1.20 0.00 126.48 0.00 0.00 0.00 21.06 78.94
αTaipei 13 1.17 1.13 1.22 0.00 40.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.70 92.30
αMacao 5 1.15 1.07 1.23 0.00 14.09 0.01 0.00 0.00 20.00 80.00
αHong Kong 19 1.18 1.13 1.22 0.00 64.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 31.57 68.43
Colombia 8 1.11 1.07 1.15 0.00 10.44 0.17 0.00 12.50 12.50 75.00
Costa Rica 3 1.14 1.10 1.19 0.00 1.95 0.38 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Croatia 6 1.16 1.13 1.20 0.00 4.94 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Cyprus 12 1.15 1.10 1.20 0.00 23.11 0.02 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Czech Republic 17 1.09 1.05 1.13 0.00 43.87 0.00 0.00 0.00 58.84 41.16
Denmark 13 1.07 1.04 1.11 0.00 15.96 0.19 0.00 7.69 53.85 38.46
Dominican Republic 1 1.11 1.02 1.20 0.01 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Egypt 3 1.08 1.02 1.14 0.01 4.43 0.11 0.00 0.00 33.30 66.70
El Salvador 2 1.01 0.88 1.16 0.88 5.22 0.02 0.00 50.00 50.00 0.00
Estonia 5 1.09 0.99 1.19 0.08 28.26 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 60.00
Finland 10 1.13 1.07 1.20 0.00 38.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 60.00
France 12 1.12 1.07 1.18 0.00 29.78 0.00 0.00 8.33 33.33 58.34
Georgia 8 1.18 1.14 1.21 0.00 7.23 0.41 0.00 0.00 12.50 87.50
Germany 13 1.09 1.04 1.14 0.00 33.52 0.00 0.00 7.69 53.85 38.46
Ghana 3 1.02 0.97 1.06 0.48 1.16 0.56 0.00 33.30 66.70 0.00
Greece 11 1.15 1.07 1.24 0.00 57.69 0.00 0.00 9.09 54.56 36.35
Honduras 2 1.01 0.94 1.09 0.73 1.35 0.25 0.00 50.00 50.00 0.00
Hungary 20 1.09 1.07 1.12 0.00 32.46 0.03 0.00 5.00 50.00 45.00
Iceland 11 1.11 1.04 1.18 0.00 32.37 0.00 0.00 9.11 63.62 27.27
India 2 1.19 1.07 1.31 0.00 0.77 0.38 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Indonesia 11 1.05 1.01 1.10 0.03 36.51 0.00 0.00 27.30 54.50 18.20
Iran 14 1.14 1.08 1.20 0.00 78.23 0.00 0.00 0.00 35.71 64.29
Ireland 13 1.12 1.08 1.16 0.00 21.52 0.04 0.00 0.00 46.15 53.85
Israel 12 1.18 1.11 1.26 0.00 58.02 0.00 0.00 16.67 0.00 83.33
Italy 38 1.20 1.14 1.25 0.00 187.23 0.00 2.63 0.00 34.20 63.17
Japan 19 1.15 1.11 1.18 0.00 40.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 31.58 68.42
Jordan 9 1.26 1.17 1.36 0.00 65.59 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.10 88.90
Kazakhstan 8 1.13 1.06 1.20 0.00 30.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Korea 17 1.12 1.08 1.17 0.00 51.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 29.41 70.59
Kosovo 1 1.13 1.04 1.22 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Kuwait 6 1.25 1.16 1.36 0.00 26.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Kyrgyzstan 2 1.21 1.14 1.28 0.00 0.44 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Latvia 14 1.13 1.09 1.18 0.00 26.54 0.01 0.00 0.00 42.86 57.14
Lebanon 7 1.09 1.05 1.14 0.00 6.22 0.40 0.00 0.00 57.10 42.90
Liechtenstein 5 1.19 1.07 1.32 0.00 12.12 0.02 0.00 20.00 20.00 60.00
Lithuania 17 1.10 1.07 1.13 0.00 24.87 0.07 0.00 11.76 35.29 52.95
Luxembourg 6 1.18 1.13 1.23 0.00 7.71 0.17 0.00 0.00 16.70 83.30
Macedonia 5 1.07 1.02 1.11 0.00 4.56 0.34 0.00 20.00 40.00 40.00
Malaysia 8 1.13 1.08 1.18 0.00 22.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 87.50
Malta 5 1.16 1.11 1.20 0.00 0.69 0.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Mauritius 1 1.10 1.02 1.19 0.01 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Mexico 6 1.19 1.14 1.24 0.00 16.33 0.01 0.00 16.70 0.00 83.30
Miranda-Venezuela 1 1.04 0.96 1.12 0.30 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Moldova 5 1.09 1.04 1.16 0.00 7.74 0.10 0.00 0.00 40.00 60.00
Mongolia 2 1.02 0.96 1.08 0.52 0.18 0.67 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Montenegro 4 1.19 1.05 1.35 0.01 31.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 75.00
Morocco 9 1.01 0.98 1.04 0.46 11.91 0.16 0.00 44.44 44.44 11.11
Netherlands 18 1.05 1.00 1.11 0.05 105.60 0.00 0.00 16.66 61.10 22.24
New Zealand 19 1.14 1.12 1.17 0.00 30.89 0.03 0.00 0.00 31.58 68.42
Norway 21 1.12 1.08 1.16 0.00 52.24 0.00 0.00 9.52 38.08 52.40
Oman 5 1.29 1.17 1.41 0.00 46.98 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Palestine 3 1.13 0.99 1.28 0.06 17.48 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.30 66.70
Panama 1 1.11 1.03 1.20 0.01 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Peru 4 1.11 1.04 1.18 0.00 6.90 0.08 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Philippines 4 1.07 0.97 1.19 0.20 22.75 0.00 0.00 25.00 25.00 50.00
Poland 8 1.18 1.13 1.23 0.00 13.50 0.06 0.00 0.00 12.50 87.50
Portugal 13 1.15 1.07 1.22 0.00 77.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 38.46 61.54
Qatar 10 1.24 1.18 1.30 0.00 56.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 90.00
Romania 12 1.13 1.04 1.22 0.00 115.15 0.00 0.00 16.67 25.00 58.33
Russia 23 1.09 1.06 1.13 0.00 85.47 0.00 0.00 8.70 34.78 56.52
Saudi Arabia 6 1.43 1.25 1.63 0.00 72.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Serbia 7 1.16 1.10 1.23 0.00 17.39 0.01 0.00 0.00 14.30 85.70
Singapore 18 1.16 1.12 1.20 0.00 72.40 0.00 0.00 5.52 16.67 77.80
Slovak Republic 12 1.09 1.06 1.13 0.00 29.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Slovenia 21 1.11 1.07 1.15 0.00 61.58 0.00 0.00 4.80 42.82 52.38
South Africa 7 1.06 1.01 1.12 0.03 27.25 0.00 0.00 14.29 42.86 42.86
Spain 71 1.15 1.12 1.18 0.00 299.92 0.00 1.41 2.82 33.79 61.98
Sweden 19 1.09 1.05 1.12 0.00 40.51 0.00 0.00 5.26 52.63 42.11
Switzerland 10 1.10 1.04 1.16 0.00 44.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 60.02 39.98
Syria 3 1.07 1.02 1.12 0.01 0.92 0.63 0.00 0.00 66.70 33.30
Thailand 15 1.12 1.07 1.18 0.00 79.52 0.00 0.00 13.34 26.67 59.99
Trinidad and Tobago 2 1.08 1.02 1.14 0.01 0.67 0.41 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Tunisia 12 1.03 0.98 1.08 0.20 47.16 0.00 16.70 16.70 33.30 33.30
Turkey 11 1.11 1.06 1.16 0.00 45.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 45.50 54.50
Ukraine 3 1.20 1.14 1.26 0.00 1.76 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
UAE 22 1.27 1.22 1.32 0.00 194.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.10 90.90
United Kingdom 34 1.11 1.08 1.14 0.00 106.36 0.00 2.91 0.00 38.26 58.84
Englanda 13 1.09 1.04 1.14 0.00 36.44 0.00 7.68 0.00 46.15 46.17
Northern Irelanda 2 1.07 0.97 1.19 0.19 2.45 0.12 0.00 0.00 50.00 50.00
Scotlanda 13 1.13 1.08 1.19 0.00 41.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 46.15 53.85
United States 29 1.09 1.07 1.11 0.00 56.82 0.00 3.45 3.45 27.59 65.52
Uruguay 5 1.18 1.14 1.22 0.00 2.84 0.59 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Viet Nam 2 1.10 1.04 1.16 0.00 0.35 0.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Yemen 4 1.06 1.02 1.10 0.00 0.19 0.98 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00
Yugoslavia 1 1.33 0.58 3.06 0.50 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
Overall 1054 1.118 1.114 1.123 0.000 5307.991 0.000 0.80 5.01 33.69 60.50
  1. aNations of the UK administered separately/α Chinese districts administered separately