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Table 4 Regression coefficients for Abu Dhabi 4th grade students

From: The role of reading motivation, self-efficacy, and home influence in students’ literacy achievement: a preliminary examination of fourth graders in Abu Dhabi

Variable All students
(N = 3083)
(R-square .31)
Assessment in Arabic
(N = 1947)
(R-square .32)
Assessment in English
(N = 1136)
(R-square .20)
Regression coefficient T-value Regression coefficient T-value Regression coefficient T-value
Constant 132.01 4.13** 114.35 3.10** 234.92 4.35**
Time parent spent on reading at home 8.87 3.47** 7.10 2.87** 8.38 1.78*
Number of books at home 12.10 4.74** 8.07 4.59** 11.21 2.91**
Parent expectation of child’s education 15.79 7.60** 14.79 6.64** 13.92 3.67**
Literacy level when starting school 22.81 6.84** 24.82 8.57** 13.77 2.13*
Parent involvement in learning − 16.18 − 2.87** − 15.18 − 1.98* − 18.02 − 2.07*
Intrinsic reading motivation − 1.63 − .45 1.15 .28 − .43 − .07
Student self-efficacy in reading 33.31 14.65** 29.52 11.31** 29.71 7.71**
Extrinsic reading motivation 20.76 3.61** 24.84 3.69** 13.03 1.44
Student gender − 18.37 − 2.93** − 23.68 − 3.03** − 14.89 − 1.51
  1. ** Significant at .01; * Significant at .05