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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for individual-level measures by country

From: Measuring the signaling value of educational degrees: secondary education systems and the internal homogeneity of educational groups

Country Mean literacy score Mean numeracy score % less-educated (ISCED 0-2) % intermediate-educated (ISCED 3-4) % high-educated (ISCED 5-6) % male Mean age SD age % native-born and tested in first language % native-born and not tested in first language % foreign-born and tested in first language % foreign-born and not tested in first language N
Austria 279.5 282.0 13.0 72.7 14.3 51.0 27.9 4.0 87.2 3.8 2.0 7.0 986
Belgium 290.1 292.5 8.5 48.4 43.1 49.9 28.7 3.9 91.5 3.1 2.0 3.4 1006
Canada 283.7 274.8 9.6 40.8 49.6 52.9 28.5 3.9 80.6 5.2 5.1 9.1 4508
Czech Rep. 282.4 283.4 8.6 67.6 23.8 53.6 29.1 3.8 95.8 0.0 1.1 3.2 1520
Denmark 278.5 282.7 17.6 41.4 41.0 53.2 28.8 3.8 83.0 1.1 2.4 13.5 970
Estonia 280.9 277.4 18.5 44.0 37.5 53.6 28.4 3.9 93.1 2.7 3.8 0.4 1572
Finland 306.2 297.2 8.2 53.3 38.5 50.9 28.6 3.9 94.7 1.7 1.1 2.6 974
France 275.1 266.0 15.2 48.7 36.1 49.9 28.3 3.9 89.0 2.2 3.4 5.4 1456
Germany 274.8 274.6 14.6 57.5 28.0 52.5 28.5 3.8 80.9 2.6 3.2 13.4 1057
Ireland 272.9 262.2 13.3 42.9 43.8 47.4 28.9 3.9 73.6 0.5 11.1 14.9 1480
Italy 254.2 254.7 35.0 46.8 18.2 53.4 28.9 3.8 83.8 1.7 2.2 12.3 855
Japan 306.8 293.6 8.6 39.2 52.2 49.6 28.4 3.9 99.5 0.0 0.4 0.1 1127
Korea 287.6 277.2 3.1 37.7 59.1 50.3 29.0 3.7 97.1 0.3 0.8 1.8 1407
Netherlands 294.4 288.6 19.7 44.4 36.0 51.8 28.6 3.9 87.1 2.3 3.4 7.2 846
Norway 283.7 280.4 20.2 41.6 38.2 52.6 28.6 3.9 80.9 1.6 1.1 16.4 958
Poland 272.9 265.7 7.2 54.1 38.6 51.9 28.6 3.6 98.6 1.2 0.0 0.1 3240
Slovak Rep. 274.8 275.0 14.0 63.8 22.3 53.0 28.7 3.8 92.7 6.3 0.6 0.4 1462
Spain 256.5 251.3 41.3 25.0 33.7 51.4 29.2 3.6 77.8 2.2 11.4 8.6 1226
Sweden 289.3 287.3 14.3 56.8 28.9 53.9 28.0 4.1 82.9 2.6 1.6 12.9 858
United Kingdom 274.9 262.5 19.5 37.6 42.8 50.1 27.9 4.0 80.7 1.8 7.1 10.5 2053
United States 271.8 255.1 11.8 52.3 36.0 50.1 28.1 3.9 81.3 3.8 3.5 11.4 1085
  1. Regressions include age using 5-year categories. Means and standard deviations of age reported in this table were calculated by assigning the midpoints of the categories. Age is included in the regressions using 5-year groups. To compute the mean of standard deviation of age reported here cases were assigned the midpoints of their age categories
  2. ISCED international standard classification of education, SD standard deviation