Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Fig. 5 | Large-scale Assessments in Education

Fig. 5

From: Measuring the signaling value of educational degrees: secondary education systems and the internal homogeneity of educational groups

Fig. 5

Country-level relationships of vocational orientation and direct measures of skill transparency with labor market disadvantage of less-educated adults. See Fig. 3 for country codes. This figure reproduces Fig. 2 from Heisig et al. (2016). Panel I shows the bivariate relationships of the gap in occupational status (‘ISEI gap’) between less-educated and intermediate-educated adults with two direct measures of skill transparency—the skills gap and the index of internal homogeneity—as well as vocational orientation. The ISEI gap is adjusted for sex, potential work experience, foreign-birth/foreign-language status, parental education, self-employment status, and literacy and numeracy skills using country-specific, individual-level regressions. Panel II shows the country-level relationships after partialing out the effects of the respective other two predictors. For further details, see Heisig et al. (2016)

Back to article page