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Table 1 Item characteristics

From: Automatically analyzing text responses for exploring gender-specific cognitions in PISA reading

Item Cata Aspectb Correct (%) n c (%) Wordsd
1. explain protagonist’s feeling WHY<s> B 83 4152 49 12.3 (4.6)
2. evaluate statement ENABLE<a> C 43 4234 48 15.6 (9.0)
3. interpret the author’s intention SIG<a> B 10 4234 48 12.5 (6.3)
4. list recall CON<s> A 59 4223 50   5.6 (3.0)
5. evaluate stylistic element HOW<s> C 56 4234 48 14.7 (6.2)
6. verbal production WHN<a> B 80 4152 49 12.4 (6.9)
7. select and judge ENABLE<s> C 68 4152 49 13.6 (7.0)
8. explain story element CON<e> B 69 4223 50 14.4 (5.5)
Total    59 33,604 49 12.6 (6.1)
  1. The items refer to seven different stimulus texts. Only items 1 and 6 ask students about the same text
  2. aQuestion category according to QUEST (Graesser and Clark 1985; Graesser and Murachver 1985); in the form FUNCTION<T> with FUNCTION\(\in\){WHY, HOW, ENABLE, CONS, WHEN, WHERE, SIG, WHN} and T\(\in\){state, action, event}
  3. bAccording to PISA framework (OECD 2013), A = Access and Retrieve, B = Integrate and Interpret, C = Reflect and Evaluate
  4. cPercentage of girls (note that for items 1, 4, 6, 7, and 8 there was one case with missing information about the student’s gender each, referring to two students)
  5. dWord count in non-empty responses on average (with SD)