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Table 3 Descriptives of classroom and school characteristics (by country)

From: Promoting reading attitudes of girls and boys: a new challenge for educational policy? Multi-group analyses across four European countries

  Germany France Italy Netherlands
M SE M SE M SE M SE
Classroom characteristics
 Years teaching*** 18.61 .89 16.39 .75 24.06 .72 14.48 .78
 Female sex*** .91 .02 .76 .03 .98 .01 .75 .03
 Software for reading instruction*** .58 .04 .15 .02 .31 .03 .62 .04
 Time spent on reading instruction/activities*** 2.39 .15 4.28 .23 3.51 .18 4.25 .34
 Classroom library*** .82 .03 .87 .02 .73 .03 .86 .03
School characteristics
 School library* .78 .04 .68 .04 .84 .04 .82 .04
  1. IDB-analyser: weight by teacher weight
  2. p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001 (results from ANOVAs)