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Table 1 Educational attainment and cognitive and non-cognitive skills

From: Personality, cognitive skills and life outcomes: evidence from the Polish follow-up study to PIAAC

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Numeracy   0.323***    0.315*** 0.319*** 0.310***
Conscientiousness    − 0.043   − 0.007   − 0.061
Extraversion    − 0.086**   − 0.060*   − 0.059*
Agreeableness    − 0.080   − 0.087*   − 0.066
Openness    0.172***   0.141***   0.144***
Neuroticism    − 0.051**   − 0.037*   − 0.019
Perseverance of effort     − 0.002   0.027 0.043
Consistency of interest     0.107***   0.071** 0.072***
Observations 4355 4355 4355 4355 4355 4355 4355
R 2 0.296 0.385 0.310 0.306 0.394 0.393 0.403
  1. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001 Control variables: age, age squared, gender, father’s education and mother’s education. Dependent variable, numeracy and non-cognitive skills are standardised. Full estimation results are presented in Additional file 3: Table S1