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Table 3 Distribution of the three patterns of students’ computer use across the 21 education systems that participated in ICILS 2013

From: Patterns of students’ computer use and relations to their computer and information literacy: results of a latent class analysis and implications for teaching and learning

  Cluster 1: low frequency use pattern (percent) Cluster 2: average frequency use pattern (percent) Cluster 3: high frequency use pattern (percent)
% SE Sign % SE Sign % SE Sign
Australia 6.0 0.51 79.1 0.88 14.9 0.77
Chile 8.4 0.67 80.0 0.98 11.6 0.78
Croatia 16.0 0.78 73.4 1.05 10.6 0.63
Czech Republic 9.5 0.69 80.3 0.84 10.2 0.70
Denmark 2.2 0.34 86.3 1.09 11.5 1.04
Germany 18.5 1.03 78.4 1.06 3.1 0.39
Hong Kong, SAR 17.3 1.41 72.1 1.28 10.5 0.96
Korea, Republic of 31.7 1.05 63.1 1.10 5.2 0.44
Lithuania 10.5 0.92 79.9 0.95 9.6 0.73
Netherlands 10.1 0.87 83.0 0.96 6.9 0.79
Norway 4.6 0.48 86.8 0.69 8.6 0.61
Poland 7.9 0.55 78.2 0.86 13.9 0.76
Russian Federation 5.6 0.60 66.2 1.08 28.2 1.06
Slovak Republic 6.8 0.67 77.1 0.96 16.1 0.86
Slovenia 8.3 0.66 81.5 0.94 10.1 0.67
Switzerland 16.5 1.16 80.2 1.40 3.3 0.70
Thailand 9.7 0.93 80.4 0.96 9.9 0.69
Turkey 16.3 1.10 67.1 1.24 16.6 0.94
Canada (Ontario) 7.5 0.60 79.6 0.85 12.8 0.78
Canada (Newfoundl. & Labrador) 11.5 1.13 77.5 1.64 11.0 1.08
Argentina, Buenos Aires 17.2 1.46 71.2 1.93 11.6 1.35
Average 11.5 0.19   77.2 0.24   11.3 0.18  
  1. Comment: Significances in the percentages are calculated in comparison to the average frequency of each cluster. ( No significant difference to overall average, significantly lower percentage than the overall average, ▲ significantly higher percentage than the overall average)