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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for each country using sampling weights

From: Same but different? Measurement invariance of the PIAAC motivation-to-learn scale across key socio-demographic groups

Country N Female (%) Level of education (%) Age group (%) Migration background (%)
High Intermediate Low 16–29 30–49 50–65
Australia 7430 50 33 39 28 30 42 29 17
Austria 5130 50 17 60 23 26 44 31 14
Canada 26,683 50 46 39 15 27 41 33 22
Czech Republic 6102 50 18 67 16 25 43 32 2
Denmark 7328 50 34 40 26 26 42 32 11
Estonia 7632 52 37 45 18 28 41 30 4
Finland 5464 50 36 44 20 26 39 35 4
France 6993 51 27 45 28 27 42 32 9
Germany 5465 50 30 53 17 25 44 31 13
Ireland 5983 51 32 40 28 28 47 26 10
Italy 4621 50 12 34 54 23 47 30 9
Japan 5278 50 42 44 15 23 44 33 a
Korea 6667 50 35 43 22 26 46 28 1
The Netherlands 5169 50 31 38 31 26 42 32 10
Norway 5128 49 35 38 27 27 43 30 13
Poland 9366 51 26 59 15 30 39 31 1
Slovak Republic 5723 50 19 60 21 29 42 29 6
Spain 6055 50 29 23 47 21 48 30 8
Sweden 4469 49 28 48 24 28 41 32 17
United Kingdom 8892 50 36 40 24 29 42 29 11
United States 5010 51 36 50 15 29 41 30 15
OECD total/average 150,588 50 30 45 24 27 43 31 9
  1. aJapan did not collect data on the migrant population