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Table 7 Summary of the items with linear position effects in the simulation study

From: A structural equation modeling approach for examining position effects in large-scale assessments

Position in form 1 Position in form 2 Change in position Position effect per one position Total position effect Item difficulty in form 1 Item difficulty in form 2
1 41 40 −.01 −.4 −0.99 −0.59
2 27 25 −.01 −.25 −0.98 −0.73
3 13 10 −.01 −.1 −0.97 −0.87
4 44 40 −.02 −.8 −0.92 −0.12
5 30 25 −.02 −.5 −0.90 −0.40
6 26 10 −.02 −.2 −0.88 −0.68