Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 5 Summary of estimated item position effects

From: A structural equation modeling approach for examining position effects in large-scale assessments

Item Position effect Item Position effect Item Position effect
1 −.008 (.005) 16 −.009 (.003)** 31 .006 (.004)
2 −.015 (.005)** 17 −.012 (.003)*** 32 .006 (.004)
3 −.025 (.005)*** 18 −.003 (.003) 33 −.007 (.005)
4 .000 (.004) 19 −.011 (.003)** 34 .001 (.004)
5 −.014 (.005)** 20 −.015 (.003)*** 35 −.007 (.004)
6 .009 (.005) 21 −.005 (.005) 36 −.005 (.004)
7 −.004 (.005) 22 .007 (.005) 37 −.010 (.004)*
8 −.023 (.005)*** 23 −.014 (.005)** 38 −.008 (.004)
9 .003 (.006) 24 −.015 (.005)** 39 −.011 (.004)**
10 −.017 (.006)** 25 .002 (.006) 40 −.014 (.006)*
11 −.023 (.006)*** 26 −.037 (.007)*** 41 −.015 (.004)***
12 −.030 (.007)*** 27 −.020 (.005)*** 42 −.005 (.004)
13 −.014 (.006)* 28 −.004 (.005) 43 −.023 (.005)***
14 −.013 (.006)* 29 −.002 (.004) 44 −.006 (.003)
15 −.008 (.003)* 30 −.005 (.004) 45 −.004 (.004)
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001