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Table 4 Summary of estimated passage position effects

From: A structural equation modeling approach for examining position effects in large-scale assessments

Passage Number of items Position effect
1 6 −.029 (.014)*
2 6 .000 (.021)
3 8 .023 (.013)
4 6 −.044 (.015)**
5 6 −.080 (.014)***
6 6 .004 (.014)
7 7 −.008 (.008)
  1. The order of passages in Form 1 was used as the reference. Standard errors of the estimated effects are shown in the parentheses
  2. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001