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Table 2 Conditional distributions of repetition given student’s socioeconomic level

From: The relevance of the school socioeconomic composition and school proportion of repeaters on grade repetition in Brazil: a multilevel logistic model of PISA 2012

Variable Groups of HISEI (quintiles)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Total
Grade Repetition 0.26 0.21 0.21 0.16 0.15 1.00
Repeat at <ISCED1> 0.33 0.23 0.21 0.13 0.11 1.00
Repeat at <ISCED2> 0.26 0.21 0.21 0.16 0.15 1.00
  1. Source PISA 2012 data, authors’ computations