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Table 1 Student and school demographics for Brazil

From: The relevance of the school socioeconomic composition and school proportion of repeaters on grade repetition in Brazil: a multilevel logistic model of PISA 2012

  Descriptive statistics (S.E.) % of missing
Outcome variable
 Grade repetition
  Percentage of students that repeated at least one grade 37.44 (0.92) 3.75
Student demographics
 Gender (Male)
  Percentage of males 48.1 (0.42) 0
 Age of student   
  Mean student age 15.88 (0.0) 0
  Standard deviation 0.28 (0.0)  
 Age at ISCED 1
  Mean student age at ISCED 1 7.23 (0.07) 8.6
  Standard deviation 2.30 (0.07)  
 Repeat at ISCED 1
  Percentage of students that repeated at ISCED 1 22.20 (0.71) 13.7
 Repeat at ISCED 2
  Percentage of students that repeated at ISCED 2 20.18 (0.80) 17.4
 Highest parental occupational status (HISEI)
  Mean of HISEI 42.15 (0.61) 7.75
  Standard deviation of HISEI 21.7 (0.24)  
School demographics
 Learning hindrance
  Percentage of non-existence of diverse ethnic backgrounds 70.76 (2.03) 1.03
 School ownership
  Percentage of public schools 87.07 (1.22) 4.75
 School average of HISEI
  Mean of school average of HISEI 41.86 (0.6)  
  Standard deviation of school average of HISEI 12.27 (0.49) 0
 School proportion of repeaters 0.38 (0.02) 0
 School proportion of repeaters at ISCED1 0.23 (0.01) 0.02
 School proportion of repeaters at ISCED2 0.21 (0.01) 0.1
  1. Source PISA 2012 data, authors’ computations