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Table 6 Relationships between personality, literacy, and important life outcomes

From: Personality, competencies, and life outcomes: results from the German PIAAC longitudinal study

Model Educational attainment (ISCED)a Employment status (full-time)a,b Continuing educationa,b
I II III I II III I II III
Extraversion (linear) −.09***   −.04* .01   .02 −.02   −.01
Agreeableness (linear) −.04*   −.03 −.12***   −.12*** −.05*   −.05
Conscientiousness (linear) −.03   .01 .17***   .17*** .03   .04
Emotional stability (linear) .12***   .06*** .12***   .12*** .06*   .05*
Openness (linear) .14***   .10*** −.02   −.02 .01   .01
Extraversion (quadratic) −.02   −.02 .05   .05 −.04   −.05*
Agreeableness (quadratic) −.04*   −.03 −.02   −.01 .02   .02
Conscientiousness (quadratic) −.07***   −.03 .01   .01 −.03   −.02
Emotional stability (quadratic) −.03   −.02 −.01   −.01 −.02   −.02
Openness (quadratic) −.01   .00 −.01   −.01 .01   .02
Literacy   .50*** .48***   .09** .10***   .20*** .20***
Age .16*** .25*** .24*** −.15*** −.11*** −.13*** −.07** −.02 −.03
Gender (women) −.01 −.03 −.02 −.53*** −.53*** −.53*** −.03 −.05* −.04
Education .27*** .23*** .23*** .34*** .26*** .25***
Migration (migrant) −.09*** .01 .01 −.03 −.02 −.01 −.08*** −.05* −.05*
N 3174 3174 3174 2868 2868 2868 2800 2800 2800
R2 .08 .27 .28 .31c .29c .31c .13c .15c .15c
  1. Values are standardized regression coefficients, * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001
  2. aOnly respondents who have completed their education (paus1_14)
  3. bOnly respondents who are not retired
  4. cPseudo R2. The regression coefficients for literacy maximally changed by ∆ = .04