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Table 1 Associations between the Big Five scales and basic competencies (literacy and numeracy)

From: Personality, competencies, and life outcomes: results from the German PIAAC longitudinal study

  Literacy Numeracy
Extraversion (linear) −.05** −.06***
Agreeableness (linear) −.02 −.03
Conscientiousness (linear) −.10*** −.08***
Emotional stability (linear) .11*** .14***
Openness (linear) .05* .05***
Extraversion (quadratic) −.01 −.01
Agreeableness (quadratic) −.05** −.04*
Conscientiousness (quadratic) −.03* −.05**
Emotional stability (quadratic) −.06*** −.06***
Openness (quadratic) −.06*** −.07***
  1. Correlations are Fisher-Z transformed and averaged across the ten plausible values, * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001, N = 3757; the correlations between the two abilities range between .86 and .87