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Table 1 Classification of proficiency levels/standards and the respective scoring range for PISA and German NA (CEFR)

From: Proficient beyond borders: assessing non-native speakers in a native speakers’ framework

Proficiency level Score on PISA scale Proficiency level Score on NA scale
I ≤407 A1 ≤399
II 408–479 A2 400–499
III 480–552 B1 500–599
IV 553–625 B2 600–699
V ≥626 C1 ≥700
Proficiency standards
 Baseline proficiency
≥408 Minimum standard
 Norm proficiency
≥480 Norm standard