Skip to main content

Table 8 Percent correct statistics for the items of the topic area of “ecosystem”

From: A statistical analysis of the characteristics of the intended curriculum for Japanese primary science and its relationship to the attained curriculum

Item ID Item type Cognitive domain Lable 〇Item not covered in the national science curriculum
Item covered in the national science curriculum
Topic area bullet (objective) Percent correct: JPN(a) Percent correct: intl. ave.(b) (a)–(b)
S051010 CR Reasoning Middle tree did not grow as well Objective 1 79.6 45.8 33.8
S041178 MC Knowing What plants use energy for Objective 1 84.9 51.4 33.5
S051194 CR Reasoning Test design for plant seedlings Objective 1 44.6 21.0 23.6
S041177 CR Applying Living things make their own food Objective 1 11.2 13.5 −2.3
S051186 CR Applying Write in names in food chain Objective 2 90.2 63.9 26.3
S041180 MC Applying Correct predator–prey relationship Objective 2 77.4 57.0 20.4
S051026Z CR Reasoning T/F about predator/prey- DERIVED Objective 2 51.6 31.6 20.0
S051007 CR Applying Importance of spiders Objective 2 63.1 51.1 12.0
S031356 MC Knowing Which animal is a predator Objective 2 82.7 87.6 −4.9
S041037 CR Reasoning Pos. or neg. effect of activity Objective 3 55.5 38.1 17.4
S051168 CR Applying Why plastic objects dangerous Objective 3 62.3 49.2 13.1
S041039 CR Reasoning Better way to travel around town Objective 3 45.0 48.2 −3.2
S031390Z CR Applying Animal extinction- DERIVED Objective 3 15.6 27.9 −12.3
S051035 MC Applying Decrease air pollution in a city Objective 3 13.8 34.1 −20.3
  1. Five items related to the third objective, whose learning content aligned with the Curriculum Questionnaire’s “Changes in Environments” topic, are shown in italics for easy reference