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Table 5 MtL predicting participation in further education: results from regression analyses without and with controlling for literacy

From: Who likes to learn new things: measuring adult motivation to learn with PIAAC data from 21 countries

  MtL <=NFE12 MtL <=NFE12L MtL <=NFE12JR MtL <=NFE12JRL MtL <=NFE12NJR MtL <=NFE12NJRL
  β βSE R 2 β βSE R 2 β βSE R 2 β βSE R 2 β βSE R 2 β βSE R 2
Australia 0.10 0.03 0.01 0.05 1.96 0.08 0.08 0.03 0.01 0.04 1.64 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.02 1.02 0.01
Austria 0.13 0.03 0.02 0.09 3.57 0.05 0.13 0.02 0.02 0.10 4.40 0.04 −0.01 0.02 0.00 −0.03 −1.20 0.01
Canada 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.05 2.39 0.06 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.03 1.43 0.05 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.07 3.22 0.01
Czech Republic 0.11 0.03 0.01 0.09 2.71 0.02 0.10 0.03 0.01 0.08 2.37 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.54 0.01
Denmark 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.05 1.79 0.03 0.08 0.03 0.01 0.06 2.02 0.03 −0.02 0.02 0.00 −0.02 −0.86 0.00
United Kingdom 0.11 0.03 0.01 0.08 2.94 0.06 0.07 0.02 0.01 0.04 1.66 0.04 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.08 3.07 0.01
Estonia 0.19 0.02 0.04 0.15 6.90 0.07 0.16 0.02 0.02 0.13 6.06 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.02 1.09 0.02
Finland 0.10 0.02 0.01 0.08 3.19 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.05 1.96 02 0.05 0.03 0.00 0.04 1.48 0.00
France 0.14 0.02 0.02 0.09 5.19 0.06 0.12 0.02 0.02 0.09 4.53 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.02 1.01 0.01
Germany 0.15 0.03 0.02 0.12 4.07 0.07 0.14 0.03 0.02 0.12 4.26 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00
Ireland 0.09 0.03 0.01 0.06 1.93 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.00 0.03 1.17 0.04 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.05 2.36 0.00
Italy 0.09 0.03 0.01 0.07 2.34 0.06 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.05 1.60 0.05 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.07 2.06 0.01
Japan 0.21 0.02 0.04 0.18 7.92 0.06 0.20 0.02 0.04 0.18 7.97 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01
Korea 0.21 0.02 0.04 0.15 6.82 0.10 0.17 0.02 0.03 0.12 5.21 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.00 0.05 2.57 0.01
Netherlands 0.18 0.02 0.03 0.15 5.90 0.05 0.16 0.02 0.03 0.14 5.78 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.52 0.00
Norway 0.08 0.03 0.01 0.07 2.45 0.02 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.05 1.86 0.01 0.04 0.03 0.00 0.04 1.20 0.00
Poland 0.25 0.02 0.06 0.20 8.48 0.11 0.24 0.02 0.06 0.20 8.92 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.58 0.01
Slovak Republic 0.15 0.03 0.02 0.12 4.40 0.06 0.15 0.03 0.02 0.12 4.49 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Spain 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.06 2.61 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.04 1.56 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.05 2.18 0.02
Sweden 0.16 0.03 0.02 0.13 4.29 0.04 0.15 0.03 0.02 0.13 4.34 0.03 −0.01 0.03 0.00 −0.02 −0.66 0.00
United States 0.13 0.03 0.02 0.12 4.42 0.07 0.12 0.03 0.01 0.11 3.68 0.05 0.02 0.03 00 0.01 0.49 0.00
  1. Analyses conducted by IEA IDB analyzer; MtL motivation to learn; NFE12 participation in non-formal education in the 12 months preceding survey (derived); NFE12JR participation in non-formal education for job-related reasons in the 12 months preceding survey (derived); NFE12NJR participated in non-formal education for non-job-related reasons in 12 months preceding survey (derived); values of NFE12, NFE12JR and NFE12NJR combined: 0 did not participate; 1 participated; L literacy included as second predictor; SE standard error; sample restricted to working population (i.e., employed for more than 10 h per week in the 12 months preceding the survey and aged between 30 and 49) where test language is the same as native language; the OECD patch was used for the adjustment of the NFE variables; significant coefficients are printed in italics (p < 0.05); for further description see text