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Table 1 Distribution of preschool attendance

From: Does non-participation in preschool affect children’s reading achievement? International evidence from propensity score analyses

  Attendance of preschool (in years) Sample size
(1)
Did not attend
(2)
1 Year or less
(3)
Less than 3 years but more than 1 year
(4)
3 Years or more
(5)
Original
(6)
Present study
[(1) and (4)]
Chinese Taipei 53 175 2411 1654 4293 1707
Germany 51 62 952 2935 4000 2986
New Zealand 254 247 3017 2126 5644 2380
Norway 94 70 744 2282 3190 2376
Russia 592 106 615 3148 4461 3740
Singapore 80 98 2215 3973 6367 4053
Slovakia 247 393 1298 3691 5630 3938
Spain 158 222 2351 5848 8580 6006
Sweden 199 114 908 3401 4622 3600
Total 1728 1487 14511 29058 46787 30786
  1. We used multiple imputations to replace missing data, and the reported frequencies are based on the combined results from the five imputed datasets (see the section on missing data)