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Table 2 Regression outcomes for the 41 countries in PISA 2003; Problem solving competence (score) as the dependent variable

From: The acquisition of problem solving competence: evidence from 41 countries that math and science education matters

Country Science Mathematics    Problem solving score
  β(SE) p β(SE) p r(M,S) R 2
Australia .26 (.01) <.001 .67 (.01) <.001 .82 .797 529.8
Austria .22 (.02) <.001 .65 (.02) <.001 .76 .680 506.1
Belgium .22 (.01) <.001 .66 (.01) <.001 .74 .707 525.3
Brazil -.03 (.02) .089 .66 (.01) <.001 .48 .417 370.9
Canada .29 (.01) <.001 .65 (.01) <.001 .83 .807 529.3
Czech Republic .22 (.01) <.001 .68 (.01) <.001 .72 .734 516.4
Denmark .21 (.02) <.001 .72 (.02) <.001 .80 .805 516.8
Finland .18 (.02) <.001 .70 (.02) <.001 .81 .722 547.6
France .17 (.01) <.001 .65 (.01) <.001 .64 .586 519.2
Germany .24 (.02) <.001 .64 (.01) <.001 .76 .699 513.4
Greece .10 (.02) <.001 .62 (.02) <.001 .53 .463 448.5
Hong Kong .22 (.02) <.001 .68 (.02) <.001 .74 .733 547.9
Hungary .18 (.02) <.001 .62 (.02) <.001 .57 .535 501.1
Iceland .10 (.02) <.001 .79 (.02) <.001 .79 .752 504.7
Indonesia .04 (.01) <.001 .58 (.01) <.001 .45 .354 361.4
Ireland .30 (.02) <.001 .65 (.02) <.001 .84 .837 498.5
Italy .18 (.01) <.001 .61 (.01) <.001 .60 .531 469.5
Japan .18 (.02) <.001 .64 (.02) <.001 .65 .593 547.3
Korea .09 (.02) <.001 .77 (.01) <.001 .78 .705 550.4
Latvia .23 (.02) <.001 .63 (.02) <.001 .70 .652 482.5
Liechtenstein .13 (.05) .011 .71 (.06) <.001 .70 .649 529.5
Luxembourg .30 (.02) <.001 .61 (.02) <.001 .79 .749 493.7
Macao (China) .21 (.04) <.001 .64 (.03) <.001 .64 .628 532.4
Mexico -.03 (.01) <.001 .66 (.01) <.001 .52 .413 384.4
The Netherlands .22 (.01) <.001 .68 (.01) <.001 .76 .750 520.2
New Zealand .18 (.02) <.001 .75 (.02) <.001 .88 .834 532.8
Norway .08 (.02) <.001 .82 (.01) <.001 .82 .788 489.8
Poland .28 (.02) <.001 .63 (.01) <.001 .78 .749 486.6
Portugal .22 (.02) <.001 .64 (.01) <.001 .73 .657 469.8
Russia .13 (.01) <.001 .64 (.02) <.001 .59 .519 478.6
Slovakia .10 (.01) <.001 .75 (.01) <.001 .71 .675 491.8
Spain .18 (.01) <.001 .69 (.01) <.001 .71 .681 482.2
Sweden .17 (.02) <.001 .72 (.02) <.001 .80 .740 508.6
Switzerland .25 (.01) <.001 .64 (.01) <.001 .77 .717 521.3
Thailand .06 (.02) .001 .67 (.02) <.001 .62 .499 425.0
Tunisia -.04 (.02) .128 .53 (.02) <.001 .44 .268 344.7
Turkey .24 (.02) <.001 .62 (.02) <.001 .62 .620 407.5
United Kingdom .22 (.01) <.001 .71 (.01) <.001 .85 .817 510.6
United States .19 (.01) <.001 .76 (.01) <.001 .86 .856 477.3
Uruguay -.06 (.02) <.001 .57 (.01) <.001 .39 .305 410.7
Yugoslavia .13 (.02) <.001 .69 (.02) <.001 .60 .594 418.4
  1. Note. r(M,S): correlation between math and science performance; R2: explanation of variance in problem solving scores by math and science scores.