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Table 7 Differences in estimated means from the original scaling for reading for each of the alternative conditioning approaches

From: On the use of rotated context questionnaires in conjunction with multilevel item response models

  Colombia Germany France Hong Kong SAR Jordan Norway Poland Russian federation
common 0.1 0.4 0.2 1.0 −0.3 0.2 1.1 −0.3
Samecorrjoint 1.0 −2.2 −0.2 1.1 −0.6 0.6 0.6 −0.6
Samecorrsep −2.6 −2.2 −1.6 0.6 −0.4 −0.1 −0.7 0.3
Hilocorrjoint 0.5 −2.0 −1.5 1.2 −0.8 −0.5 0.6 −0.2
Hilocorrsep −1.8 −2.3 −0.4 1.0 −0.4 −0.5 −0.5 −0.3
  1. Notes: Standard errors of the originally estimated means in reading range from 2 to 5 PISA points.
  2. Due to an error in the printing of booklets, no reading estimates were available for the United States in PISA 2006.