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Table 1 Differences between traditional and constructivist models of instruction

From: What works where? The relationship between instructional variables and schools' mean scores in mathematics and science in low-, medium-, and high-achieving countries

Traditional instruction Instruction inspired by constructivism
Emphasis on basic skills Bias toward higher order skills
Subject matter orientation Emphasis on learning processes and cognition
Structured approach Discovery learning
Abstract-generalized knowledge Situation specific knowledge
Standardized achievement tests Performance assessment